As the summer moong started to hit the Punjab mandis a few days ago, the price opened 10-17% below the MSP.

Growing Moong offers farmers the opportunity to have a third harvest in a year. (Representation photo)

Balwinder Singh (50), a farmer from Tarewala village in Moga district, had cultivated a summer moong on 35 acres this year in hopes of obtaining Rs 7,196 MSP announced by the Center. On Tuesday, however, he sold his crop at a rate of Rs 6,000-6,200 per quintal, about 17-14% below the MSP set on the recommendation of the Agricultural Costs and Prices Commission (CACP).

As the summer moong started to hit the Punjab mandis a few days ago, the price opened 10-17% below the MSP.

After selling his harvest, Balwinder said, “I brought my harvest to Jagraon mandi in Ludhiana district because it is one of the main markets for the moong dal harvest. It is auctioned with the help of arhtiyas and private players buy it. The government has no role in procurement and no control over its prices. We have to sell it at the market rate because we have no other option ”

Balwinder grows summer moong (March to June), except rice (June to October) and potato (October to March). He owns about 60 hectares of land.

Another farmer, Avtar Singh, sold his moong crop for Rs 6,500 per quintal to Rayya mandi in Amritsar district. He said private actors are not ready to give farmers the PSM set by the government. “The government must have some control over the PSM set by it,” he said.

In the retail market, the moong dal rate is Rs 110 per kg, which comes to Rs 11,100 per quintal.

Growing Moong offers farmers the opportunity to have a third harvest in a year. Additionally, since moong is a legume, it is beneficial for the soil as it helps in nitrogen fixation and helps improve soil fertility. It’s just a 65-day harvest.

Punjab Arhtiya Association Federation President Vijay Kalra said moong dal has started arriving in about half a dozen state markets and the maximum rate is Rs 6,500 per quintal. and about Rs 6,000 per quintal, which may increase as it is only the beginning of the arrival of the harvest in the mandis.

Depending on the economics of this crop, farmers can get 5 to 6 quintals of moong per acre (12 to 15 quintals per hectare if the harvest is bumper), which translates to Rs 35,980 to Rs 43,176 per acre if they obtain the Moong MSP decided by the Center (Rs 7,196 per quintal). But at the current market price, a farmer would sell it for between Rs 30,000 and Rs 36,000 per acre. While the cost of inputs would be around Rs 8,000-9,000 per acre, including seeds, labor and other expenses. But if the farmer has rented the field, then he has to bear the rental cost of around Rs 18,000 per acre. (The annual rental cost per acre is Rs 45,000 to 55,000 per acre, except in some districts of Malwa regions where the annual rent is Rs 60,000 to 65,000 per acre. If a farmer grows three crops, he must include 1/3 of the rental cost per crop)

Experts said that after deducting input cost and rental cost, he would have Rs 8,000-15,000 per acre left if he sold crops to the fixed MSP, but at the current market price he would get 3 000-9000 Rs per acre only. If a farmer owns his own land, he can make a reasonable profit of Rs 21,000-27,000 per acre.

“These expenses do not include family labor hours and when these are included then the farmers will be at a loss, which means that not only the MSP should be increased according to the formula of the commission recommendation MS Swaminathan , but that farmers should also get the full PSM. », Declared Jagmohan Singh, general secretary of BKU (Dakuanda).

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