With all the recent uproar over rice and pancake food products, I want to discuss the phrase “Uncle Dave” that I will be mentioning in this column. I don’t believe the words were used as racial slurs in the newspaper. I have seen countless references to “Uncle” and “Aunt” used for both whites and blacks in old newspaper articles. When I was a child, both of my parents called people they were not related to “Aunt” or “Uncle,” which made me believe that we were blood relatives of many people. As I got older I tried to understand relationships, so I asked dad, “How are we related to this person? He then explained that he had called older non-parents only to show respect. I have since realized that this is a common practice in Southeast Kentucky and possibly most of the South.
I also want to share information I found on Georgia Jackson Maddox. In the column I wrote on February 10, I said that she had no children. I found her obituary in The Indianapolis Star which said she had a daughter named Roberta Fitts who was an evangelist. The article also read: “Ms. Maddox was a pastor of the Babe of Bethlehem Pentecostal Church for 26 years and taught Sunday School for 30 years. She was a former member of Allen Chapel AME Church. Her husband was a church elder.
I found David and Jensie in the 1870 census in Laurel County. David’s age was 65, his year of birth being 1805. Jensie was 50, which means she was probably born around 1820. David Jackson Jr., 29, and Henry Jackson, 25, lived in the house with them. This census did not report family relationships. Jensie was born in Virginia and Dave was born in Kentucky. I found an obituary for David in the newspaper saying he died in April 1880. Here is an excerpt from the April 16, 1880 issue of The Mountain Echo. “Old Uncle David Jackson, of color, from this county, died at his residence about three miles from this location last Monday morning and was buried Tuesday in the cemetery near this location. Uncle Dave was getting very old, had been in very poor health for several months and his death came as no surprise to people in this neighborhood. ” As Jensie was not found in the 1880 census report, I assume she also died between 1870 and 1880.
I don’t know how many children Dave and Jensie had. Death records confirm that at least one of them is Green and Henry’s parents. Green Jackson was born June 13, 1836. He died April 16, 1912. This information was provided by his brother Henry Jackson on Green’s death certificate. Henry said Green’s father was Laurel County-born David Jackson, but the mother’s name was not provided.
Henry Jackson was born April 5, 1838. He died December 5, 1912 in Laurel County. The informant was Wina Jackson. This person said that Henry’s father was David Jackson, born in London. Henry’s mother was Gensie whose place of birth was not known. Henry’s burial place was London.
Since David Jackson Jr., born in 1841, was in their home in 1870, he was probably a child. I could not find David after 1870. I will mention other possible children towards the end of this article.
When I started writing this series on Emanuel Jackson, I thought he was descended from one of the slaves of John and Mary Hancock Jackson who lived in Laurel County when the county was formed. I didn’t know if I could prove it. I am sure I have proven that some of Emanuel’s ancestors were here in 1825 when the county was formed, but I have no written record linking him to the Jackson slaves. The written record says that Dave Jackson, born in 1805, was Emanuel’s great-grandfather. The death certificates of Green and Henry, David’s two known sons, indicate that Dave was born in London or Laurel County. I think he lived here in 1825 but I don’t think he was actually born here if he was a slave to John Jackson. I believe John and Mary moved to what is now Laurel County in 1808 or 1809 since John and his son Jarvis were first found on Knox County tax records in 1809. John owned 500 acres in Knox County on the W. Laurel Stream. He also owned four black slaves over 16, two black slaves under 16, and eight horses / mares. I think Dave was one of the two young black slaves in the house.
I have never been able to find the Jackson’s owning a slave named Dave born circa 1805. Jarvis Jackson had a slave named Dave who was born between 1834 and 1845. It was probably the man named David Jr. on the census report of 1870. Jarvis inherited two slaves named Green and Jincey from his father on John’s death in 1833. I suspect Green and Dave were the same person but have no proof. On October 8, 1845, Jarvis Jackson sold all of his land and slaves to the directors and company of the Northern Bank of Kentucky for $ 1. Reading the document was difficult, but it seemed to be the security for a loan or a thousand dollar bill which had to be paid by January 10, 1846. The names of those whose ages were more precise were: Green, approximately 40 years ; Jincey about 35; Sally about 20; Jemima about 14 years old; and Emily about 12. Children under 12 were Dave, Green, Mahala, Henry, Richard, Elizabeth, Ruthy and Edny. I guess the kids were ranked oldest to youngest and were probably all of Green and Jincey’s kids.
I answered the questions I wanted to answer with this column on Emanuel’s great-grandfather, Dave Jackson, so I have come to the end of my search for Emanuel Jackson’s ancestors. However, if family members are interested, they may be able to find the names of Emanuel’s great-great-grandparents. I believe Dave’s parents were two of those black individuals over 16 years old mentioned in the tax records of 1809. I also know the names of other slaves belonging to John Jackson who could be these four blacks over 16 years old. . Knowing where John and Mary Hancock Jackson lived between 1800 and 1809 could lead us to other clues. If anyone has copies of John’s military records, I’d like to have copies.
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